affected by aberration: a departure from rational thought or behavior; not sane. From Latin, aberrare, to wander from; ab, away, errare, to wander.

bell tolls, never send to know for whom the:

from a religious essay by English poet and clergyman John Donne (1572–1631) which discusses the subjects of death and human relationships. This section of the essay reads: “No man is an island, entire of itself; every man is a piece of the continent, a part of the main; . . . any man’s death diminishes me, because I am involved in mankind; and therefore never send to know for whom the bell tolls; it tolls for thee.” Historically, church bells have been tolled to announce deaths.


having a common center, as circles one within another.


(of animals) unable to speak as a natural state and thus regarded as helpless or deserving pity.


an urge to survive along a certain course; an urge toward existence in an area of life. There are eight dynamics: first, self; second, sex and the family unit; third, groups; fourth, Mankind; fifth, life forms; sixth, physical universe; seventh, spirits; and eighth, Supreme Being.


from the Greek dunamikos, powerful. Hence, motivating or energizing force (of existence or life), as in Dynamic Principle of Existence.


put into a state of agitation or disturbance.


a mathematics term showing that two things are of the same value or equal each other. Also, by extension, any situation or problem with several variable factors that has been calculated and proven with mathematical precision.


still in existence.


not liable to prove false, wrong or mistaken; certain.


unlimited extent of time, space or quantity; unlimited capacity, energy, excellence or knowledge.

knock out:

to eliminate or get rid of.


a person who studies nature, especially by direct observation of animals and plants.

Nazi Germany:

from 1933 to 1945, Germany was under the control of the National Socialist Workers’ Party (Nazi Party). Under Adolf Hitler they also took over Austria and Czechoslovakia and in 1939, invaded Poland starting World War II (1939–1945). In 1942 the failed German attack on Stalingrad, Russia (now Volgograd) resulted in hundreds of thousands dead, the city almost completely destroyed. By the end of the war, Nazi policies had brought Germany to economic and political ruin, with cities and major industries devastated.


the state or condition of being equal, or on a level; equality.

passenger pigeon:

a North American pigeon, formerly abundant and noted for its exceptional powers of long and sustained flight; extinct since 1914.


built more solidly; stronger.


the momentary or continuing emotional state of the person.